1955 – First Malayan General Election
A general election was held on Wednesday, 27 July 1955, the only general election before Malaya's independence in 1957. It was held to elect members of the Federal Legislative Council, which prior to this was fully appointed by the British High Commissioner in Malaya. During the first election, The Alliance Party won around 80% of the total vote and 51 out of 52 seats contested.
Parti Perikatan (The Alliance Party)
The Alliance Party (Parti Perikatan) was a political coalition in Malaysia. The Alliance Party, whose membership consisted of United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) and Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC), was formally registered as a political organization on 30 October 1957. It was the ruling coalition of Malaya from 1957 to 1963, and Malaysia from 1963 to 1973. The party became the Barisan Nasional in 1973
The Barisan Nasional Coalition uses the same inter- communal governing model as the Alliance Party's predecessor, but on a larger scale, with up to 14 communal political parties involved in the coalition at one point. It has dominated Malaysian politics for more than thirty years after its foundation. It had a combined period of rule from 1957 to 2018, together with its previous holder (Alliance), and was considered to be the longest ruling coalition party in the democratic world.